SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain of coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, China. Clinical presentations of COVID-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2, may range from mild to moderate illness to pneumonia or severe acute respiratory infection. COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organisation on 12 March 2020. The first cases in the UK were detected on 31 January 2020, and on 23 March 2020 the UK entered lockdown. As part of the gradual relaxation of lockdown measures, contact tracing is being implemented to allow a sustained reduction in new cases, outbreaks and to reduce transmission. In Scotland, this will be achieved through a programme of community testing, contact tracing and isolation, (promoted as ‘Test and Protect’ to the public). Further details can be found on the Scottish Government website and NHS Inform.
A). Eligibility for testing This document does not describe the suitability of a patient for PCR testing. Those eligible for testing are outlined in the following documents: HPS COVID-19: Guidance for Secondary Care HPS COVID-19: Guidance for stepdown of infection control precautions and discharging COVID-19 patients from hospital to residential settings HPS COVID-19: Guidance for Care Home Settings Scottish Government Coronavirus (COVID-19): getting tested in Scotland
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